Raphael (1483-1520)

Raffaelo Sanzio also known as Raphael was the youngest of the three most famous artists in the Renaissance period. The other two artists were Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.  Raphael was born in Urbino in 1483. He learned his first artistic techniques from his dad Giovanni di Sanati. Urbino was an art-loving community with many artists living there. When Raphael turned seventeen he became the apprentice of the highly regarded Perugino. While Raphael was working with Perugino he learned all different techniques. The first few paintings that Raphael did remained in the style he learned from Perugino. In some of his painting you cannot see a difference in his paintings and Perugino. Raphael and Perugino did not use excessive detail, which was the new style of the period. The old gothic style involved great detail in the faces and clothes. The new style was softer and less detail and Raphael demonstrated the style perfectly which is why he is considered one of the greatest artists in the entire Renaissance period.


In Sposalizio the semi circular building shows the new architect happening in that time. The faces in this painting could have just as easily been painted by his former teacher Perugino. This painting is showing the new styles because the faces and people are not detailed. In the middle Mary is taking the ring from Joseph which is showing the faith in Christianity still. This reflects the changes in society because the building in the background is a newer building. That is the new way they built. Society is getting smarter.

The School of Athens

In the school of Athens Raphael is showing perceptive by looking upward which is a new this of the Renaissance. Raphael is also making idealities for the old Greek philosophers. Raphael is showing the world who most did not know the work of the old Greek philosophers how great they were. Raphael is making a tribute to them which are showing how the world wants knowledge and how the people with the knowledge tried to get it back.

Triumph of Galatea

The Triumph of Galatea shows the magnificent spirit of antiquity. The beauty in Galatea’s face comes from the hints of shyness and innocence. The painting seems as if she does not know her true beauty. Galatea does not have any defined features but her beauty is still shown. That is what the Renaissance is all about, inner expression.